Here is my theory: Pilot Suicide. Written 18 Mar 2014 (Day 10)
UPDATE: March 31, 2014 (Day 23) – Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR) only records for maximum of two (2) hours; then it loops and starts recording over previously recorded audio. This is more evidence supporting a “Pilot Suicide -without a trace” scenario. Flight MH370 flew on for at least five (5) hours after everything went dark. It would only have to fly just two (2) hours to erase the audio recording completely. Even if they were to recover the CVR it would be dead air, sound of engines on then off, perhaps crash into Indian Ocean. The only thing that matters is knowing what happened in the cockpit from 12:41am through 2:15am. Without the audio from that time period we will never know what happened. Perhaps FBI forensics experts could recover the recorded over audio on the CVR? The Flight Data Recorder (FDR) only records any instructions sent to any electronic systems on an aircraft. No voice.
Note: 30 Day Beacon. The “black boxes” CVR and FDR beacon batteries are required to last not less than 30 days. Batteries do not just shut off at day 31. They could last considerably longer especially in freezing cold water. Regardless the beacons can only be detected from within a range of two (2) miles. So worst case if downed more than two (2) miles deep; only way to detect is to be in a robotic submarine. A surface ship would have to be directly over the “black boxes” to detect. French flight 447 recorders were recovered two (2) years after the flight went down. But they knew almost exactly where they were and even than it was considered miraculous.
Original Posting 18 March 2014--- As much as I love the possibilities associated with hijacking, the case is just not there. Believe me, hijacking is the scariest of all scenarios, however, the pilot wanted to completely mask what happened and as you will see, his actions have accomplished just that. Someday, somewhere pieces of this ill-fated plane may wash up on a beach, but the flight recorders (i.e., black boxes) may never be found, much less recovered.
Hopefully, we will learn the background of these two men:
Pilot Zaharie Ahmad Shah (hereafter “Shah”); and
Co-pilot/1st Officer Fariq Abdul Hamid (“co-pilot”).
Shah is a political activist and sees the benefit of drawing the world’s attention to the plight of the man he “fanatically” supports, Anwar Ibrahim, who is the leader of the opposition parties coalition in Malaysia. That’s called motive.
On thing is certain. Anwar Ibrahim and the Malaysia opposition parties coalition are the greatest beneficiaries of the attention generated by this incident.
Note: 25% of the world’s shipping passes through the single choke point called the Strait of Malacca. Maybe that was the terrorist/hijackers target and Shah’s actions prevented this from happening and was mortally wounded in the struggle.
Time line- Saturday 8 March 2014:
Note: Malaysia time zone (UTC +08:00) is exactly 12 hours ahead of Eastern Daylight Time (EDT). Flying west is going into the dark. MH370 could have crossed three (3) time zones before final loss of contact at 8:11am even two (2) time zones is equal to 6:11am in that time zone which is very dark. For example, Diego Garcia is two (2) time zones away.
Flight MH370: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia to Beijing, China.
12:41am- Depart Kuala Lumpur
1:07am- ACARS signal is on-time as scheduled - but shows route has been reprogrammed to turn west and is indicating the plane is in a gradual process of completing a “U” turn.
See below for what occurs during these 12 minutes, if it were the Pilot Shah who verbally signs off at 1:19am.
1:19am- Pilot signs off, “All right, good night” (see note)
Note: “...this verbal sign off came from the co-pilot, Fariq Abdul Hamid, and not the pilot, Zaharie Ahmad Shah; according to Ahmad Jauhari Yahya, chief executive of Malaysia Airlines.” If the co-pilot was the speaker then Shah either held him under duress or the co-pilot was in on it. Shah would later disable him causing a struggle. How do we know Malaysian authorities are correct? We do not. Are they saying this because of a voice analysis or simply because it came from the mic located in the right seat?
1:21am- Transponder stops working -allegedly turned off
1:22am- Thai radar sees plane
1:26am- Thai radar sees plane on new track
See below for what occurs during these 11 minutes.
1:37am- ACARS does NOT transmit as scheduled
2:15am- Plane last seen on Malaysian military radar
6:20am- Expected arrival in Beijing
7:24am- Malaysia Airlines issues statement stating contact with flight 370 had been lost by Malaysian ATC at 02:40am.
8:11am- Plane last communication to satellite “ping.”
Here’s what happened under the Pilot Suicide scenario just prior to and/or between 1:07am and 1:19am.
Pilot, Shah, asks co-pilot/1st officer, Hamid, to go into the passenger cabin and get him some coffee (or tea). Or perhaps he tells him a young woman wants him to come out for a photo opportunity. This could also have been a request from the passengers who were actually hijackers. Which would turn this into a “Coerced Pilot” scenario.
Pilot locks door behind the exited co-pilot.
Shah now alone in the cockpit, or with co-pilot disabled or under duress, or a hijacker, does the following:
1. Types in (i.e., “pre programs”) a new waypoint into the autopilot for Penang -which just happens to be the state where he was born.
2. Logs into the ACARS onboard computer, scrolls down a couple of screens, and resets the ACARS to “off.”
3. 1:19am signs off, “All right, good night” - could have forced the co-pilot to do this or faked his voice. This is actually a smart strategy it makes it appear that the co-pilot is the one diverting the plan. Distancing suspicion away from Shah or a hijacker.
4. Turns the knobs on the transponder -shutting it down at 1:21am. Thereby severing the “secondary radar” tracking capability.
Flight MH370 then disappears as a commercial radar trace this loss of contact occurs at exactly the time in the flight where MH370 was to leave Malaysia air control and be picked up by Vietnam air control. This is perfectly timed by Shah.
One thing we know for certain the pilot, Shah, had the knowledge and skill to do everything that we know was done. Shah, is/was arguably among the most knowledgeable experts about the Boeing 777-200.
This is why my first choice is Pilot Suicide. Every other possibility of what happened is based on supposition and conjecture. Further they rely on one or more unknown perpetrators somehow gaining access to the cockpit, within 26 minutes after take-off. The most extreme theory is that all this happened as a result of computer or equipment malfunction which had to be limited to only the tracking systems. Well actually no, the wildest speculation was CNN’s alien/supernatural abduction scenario, really?
Believe me I love the alternative of hijacking, especially if for the plane itself. If commandeering the 777 was for the purpose of acquiring the plane itself then, immediately upon landing, it would be completely gutted, removing everything to make it as light as possible. The 777 is able to go 7+ hours fully loaded with passengers and baggage (50,000 lbs). Remove the seats, floors, galley, restrooms, and easily lose another 50,000 lbs. Then load a dirty bomb or pack it with explosives and turn it into a WMD. Fully fueled, it could fly anywhere in the world. The Israelis certainly think this is a plausible scenario as they have beef up their air defenses to account for such an act.
Other hijacking scenarios would be for the contents of the cargo bay or shear terrorism. These are beyond reasonable logic because of the complexity and the need for dozens of co-conspirators and on-ground resources. Not to mention flying undetected over extensive land areas of countries with high level detection systems. Unless it were a USA “extraordinary rendition” to Diego Garcia as speculated in Cabal Times.
Another caveat for hijacking with pilots’ involved, what would the pilot or co-pilot get out of the deal? What would make it worth their giving up their own lives?
Could it have been a passenger? More likely a last minute (with no record of) deadheading pilot sitting in the jump seat of the cockpit? There are 247 seats on the 777, total people onboard was 239 leaving at least 10 seats in the main cabin. Surely by now someone on the ground would have come forward about such a person even if there were no official record.
One of my friends mentioned remote control as a possibility which might account for the erratic actions at the beginning of loss of contact.
“Shah was an...aviation enthusiast who built his own flight simulator at home and flew remote-controlled aircraft, posting pictures of his collection, which included a lightweight twin-engine helicopter and an amphibious aircraft.”
However, radio signals would require proximity to the plane.
Regardless of the reason for a hijacking, it would most certainly involve co-conspirators and include radical elements within the Malaysian military and government. This is not entirely out of the realm of possibilities.
If hijacked, there are two scenarios for the passengers. One, they are alive and being held to accentuate the terror or facilitate the demands; or two, they were killed instantly so as to not have to deal with hostages.
This all leads us back to the Pilot Suicide scenario. In most mysteries the simplest explanation is usually the correct one. The Occam’s Razor rule.
To believe the Pilot Suicide scenario it is necessary to establish a motive for suicide.
We don’t know the extent of Shah’s life but we do know that two traumatic events took place which may have indicated trouble. First, something caused his wife and daughter to choose to move out of their home and leave him just days before the flight. The families departure could be a way for his family to distance themselves from the act which was about to occur, laying the ground for their plausible denaiability.
“Captain Zaharie Ahmad Shah was an 'obsessive' supporter of Malaysia's opposition leader, Anwar Ibrahim (66), former deputy Prime Minister. And hours before the doomed flight left Kuala Lumpur, it is understood 53-year-old Shah attended a controversial trial in which Ibrahim was jailed for five years.”
Allegedly the majority and ruling party is after Ibrahim and could not get to him any other way so they convicted him of trumped up charges of homosexual sodomy. Both homosexual and heterosexual sodomy is illegal in Malaysia. Apparently Shah is the uncle of Ibrahim’s daughter-in-law. To date no one has come forward with the full extent of these men’s relationship.
As mentioned earlier –on thing is certain. Anwar Ibrahim and the Malaysia opposition parties coalition are the greatest beneficiaries of the attention generated by this incident. Who, even in Malaysia, even knew of them before this? Now Ibrahim is among the best known people on the planet.
“‘Likes’ and other activity on Zaharie's YouTube account showed approval of atheist views, an unusual admission in predominantly Muslim Malaysia.”
According to news reports, a number of files had been deliberately deleted on the hard drive of Shah’s in-home flight simulator on February 3rd. Additionally, at least five (5) remote landing strips had been programmed into the simulator, for the Maldives Islands, Sri Lanka, and Diego Garcia.
At the very least, we can agree Shah was a complicated man and perhaps a very conflicted man as he departed from the trial of his “friend” about whom he was “obsessive” and less than seven (7) hours later arrives at the airport and enters that cockpit just before midnight on Friday.
The fact that he supported the political opposition in Malaysia could lend some misdirection to a hijack for terrorism, but we have not seen any evidence of linkage of Shah to others of the terrorist ilk or disposition.
Here is what Shah did to effect the flight’s “disappearance,” during the 11 minutes between 1:26am and 1:37am:
It is important to establish that the failure of the ACARS to report is not known until 1:37am after all these things happened.
With his own in-cabin oxygen mask placed over his head Shah begins to execute evasive maneuvers to accomplish two (2) essential actions for his plan to work. First, disable all passengers and crew and, two, create the illusion of a hijacking, or a struggle in the cockpit, or equipment malfunction, by ascending rapidly to as high as 45,000 feet and at the same time depressurizing the cabin and shutting off the oxygen supply to the masks. Then descending rapidly in perhaps as little as one minute, two at the most, to 23,000 feet. He probably executed additional erratic maneuvers as well.
It would not be necessary to go to 45,000 feet to accomplish killing the passengers. Depressurizing the cabin at 35,000 feet and disabling the oxygen supply to the masks would have caused all passengers to pass out within 15 seconds or so. Even if he had not shut off the oxygen supply, the 777 only carries at most 22 minutes of oxygen. Insufficient oxygen caused hypoxia which results in sluggish thinking, dimmed vision, loss of consciousness, and ultimately death.
Of even greater concern, especially for Shah, is decompression sickness. Passengers may have sufficient oxygen, but we have all seen what happens to a sealed plastic water bottle at high altitude when back on the ground. The nitrogen (N2) bubbles in the bloodstream would expand rapidly with the sudden depressurization of the cabin, i.e., "the bends" —tiredness, forgetfulness, headache, stroke, and thrombosis.
So why did the Pilot need to do all this?
In order for the flight crew to move about the cabin during an emergency they strap on portable oxygen tanks and are not reliant on the plane’s oxygen supply. Thus extreme maneuvers were needed so the crew could not don their tanks.
Under this scenario all passengers and crew were immediately disabled and died within a matter of minutes. Which also explains why there were zero cell or satellite phone transmissions. In all probability most, if not all, cell phones were in their power off position. In the unlikely event that someone had not turned off their cell phone, instant death was necessary. Even if no cell towers were reachable at the time, if someone attempted to call or text, it could have been picked up later when a tower on land was flown over.
Some speculation has MH370 down to under 5,000 feet to avoid primary radar detection. This is not fool proof as ships at sea can even sometimes be picked up by radar and most likely his flight path took him over land. Even though this is in the middle of the night someone on the ground could have heard if not seen (assuming even that all lights were disabled). There have been some accounts of people on the ground who claim to have seen or heard something.
These actions occurred simultaneously either during the “U” turn or shortly thereafter. Once into the area of the Strait of Malacca and after a fake illusion that the flight was headed northwest: Shah programmed waypoints which were well beyond the plane’s fuel capacity; then he engaged the plane’s autopilot. Flight MH370 was now on a course out into the expanse of the Indian Ocean where average depth is over 12,000 feet (2 miles) with some areas as deep as 26,000 feet (4+ miles).
Why? To be sure no one would ever be able to find or recover the flight recorder, which would leave his culpability forever in doubt.
Note: The engine communication connection attempts, i.e., “pings,” were via satellite 23,000 miles in space and back down to earth. The belief of continued flight are, "...based on analysis of signals sent by the Boeing 777's satellite-communication link... the link operated in a kind of standby mode and sought to establish contact with a satellite or satellites. These transmissions did not include data.”
Reportedly these “pings” are like when your cell phone loses connection and, without you being aware, reconnects, telling the tower in effect, “I’m back.” A satellite 23,000 miles away can’t be very precise with location as are cell towers which are placed every few miles. Hence the lack of accuracy of where the plane was.
The only reason this system would have had to have been deliberately disabled is if it had successfully landed somewhere, thereby making it necessary to mask the 777's final location.
The final engine transmission was received at 8:11am. Speculation that this signal was deliberately and physically shut down by someone on board sometime after 8:11am is not the most likely scenario. Fuel could have lasted up until just prior to the 9:11am scheduled transmission which was never received. It may have been 6:11am in the time zone where MH370 was located. The fuel runs out and the engines stop. With the engines off and no crash there would be no signal, or “ping” sent. Also with engines off the 777 can glide for nearly an hour, possibly another 600 more miles.
Something which has been largely gone unreported by the media; there are three (3) emergency transmitters on the 777. One in the tail section and two (2) in the rear of the passenger cabin. The tail section beacon is known for being disabled by pilots as they may just be making a hard landing and do not want the beacon to go off. With the two (2), in the cabin, upon crash landing the flight attendants are to turn on the batteries (the batteries are not left on as that would run them down) and toss the transmitters into the water. Where they are salt water activated. None of these beacons were activated. Someone had to have disabled them or the crew was dead or otherwise disabled.
The final touch to this bizarre plan was to head for the deepest most isolated place on the planet. Where it would be virtually impossible to retrieve the black box.
One looming question; what did Shah do for the 4 or 5 or even 6 hours while he was all alone? He most likely was flying on autopilot to his certain death. Assuming all things were working and everyone was dead; he would have food, heat, even mask free oxygen. That would be an eerie space of time, especially once past the point of no return of the aircraft. His personal point of no return happened when he caused the deaths of 238 people. Having to fly on for 4 or 5 or what now looks like 7 hours with the last hour gliding without power, did he read, watch a movie or two? This is a frightening almost terrifying thought to contemplate. My guess, he did a Payne Stewart and with the cabin depressurized simply took off his oxygen mask and slipped into endless sleep.
One thing that is missing from the American media is stories about passengers in the days prior to departure, for all but one of the passengers. The only adult American onboard is the only story we have.
“Philip Wood's family saw him in Texas before what was meant to be his last work trip to China as an executive for IBM. ‘I can honestly say he's one person who's lived his life to the fullest,’ said his brother, James Wood.”
This is not an unusual occurrence prior to final flights (Fight 93 the 4th plane in 9/11 is a classic example).
Note: Even if the 777 were able to be located the research lacks finding any systems with diving capacity within any country that could go 26,000 feet.
It took two (2) years to find and recover the Air France Flight 447 data recorder and in that case they knew where the plane was within minutes. In fact wreckage and bodies were recovered within 2 or 3 days of the crash. It was in relatively warm waters (near the equator) and about 700 miles off the coast of Brazil. That crash was in June 2009 with the black box recovery in May 2011. That was state of the art technology less than 3 years ago. Some improvement may have been developed since then but that was in 13,000 feet of water.
There is precedent for such an operation in deeper water: in 1988, an independent contractor was able to recover the cockpit voice recorder of South African Airways Flight 295 from a depth of 16,100 feet in a search area of between 80 and 250 square nautical miles. However, there was a huge incentive, the cargo of the plane included over a half a billion dollars in diamonds, and other jewels. Not to mention a missing Arabian Sheik. With flight 370 we are looking at up to 26,000 feet of depth. In the most isolating and worst possible of all ocean environments.
Research, References, Bibliography, et.al.
UPDATE 31 March 2014 – Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR). As of 2005 it is an FAA requirement that the recording duration is a minimum of thirty (30) minutes, but the NTSB has long recommended that it should be at least two (2) hours.
Flight Data Recorder (FDR) only tracks and records data from the planes telemetry, i.e. records any instructions (data) sent to any electronic systems on an aircraft. No voice.
The irony of the plane being a 777 (three 7s) and the flight number MH370 containing “3" and “7" (three seven) it not lost on me.
Source of convenience all verified with direct sources.
The flight's captain is 53-year-old Zaharie Ahmad Shah of Penang; he joined Malaysia Airlines in 1981 and has 18,365 hours of flying experience. Zaharie is also an examiner qualified to conduct simulator tests for pilots.
The first officer is 27-year-old Fariq Abdul Hamid, an employee of Malaysia Airlines since 2007, with 2,763 flying hours. Fariq was transitioning to the Boeing 777-200 after having completed his simulator training.
Did he get that training from Shah? How tight were they?
Saturday the plane bound for China was still flying at 8:11 AM, about seven hours after it took off from Kuala Lumpur and about half an hour after it was expected to land in Beijing.
Bloomberg‘s analysis of the last satellite “ping” tracked the plane’s last known location to about 1,000 miles west of Perth, Australia.
Further indication of pilot suicide the last land based waypoint where the plane turned nearly 90 degrees right was Penang.
Shah is from Penang. Was this a final fly-over?
See map filed under Fallacy Reports
MH370 was a 777-200 service carrying 239 passenger and crew on a regular Kuala Lumpur to Beijing service. To recap, it left KL at 12.40 am, it disappeared as a commercial radar trace at 1.22 am close to the area where such radar visibility to the Malaysia air traffic control system drops off, and was never observed as entering Vietnam controlled air space on a path intended to cross that country to the South China Sea and continue past Hong Kong toward its destination. The transponders on Flight 370 was switched off immediately after it was outside the visibility of Malaysia’s air traffic control! To quote a poster GarageYears on a forum for professional pilots,
Turning off the transponder isn’t just a toggle or push-button, the switch is a rotary and you’d have to move it two positions to get it into the standby condition.
Was Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 Redirected to Diego Garcia?
It has now become fairly evident that the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing is not accidental. In fact, there is a strong possibility that the flight was commandeered to the US military base at Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean. A bizarre “extraordinary rendition“?
Diego Garcia is smack dab in the middle of the Indian ocean. Half way between Kuala Lumpur and Madagascar.
And there is still no word about the signals from monitoring systems embedded in the plane’s Rolls-Royce PLC engines, which would have stopped when the plane landed or run out of fuel. Diego Garcia is the strongest US military-air force base in the Indian Ocean. It served as a forwarding base in almost all American conflicts in the Gulf and in Afghanistan. It was also a transit venue for the infamous “extraordinary renditions.” It possesses formidable radar capabilities, as well as several airstrips. And large hangars that can hide aircraft. To quote a commenter on a pilot’s website who believed the plane was in Diego Garcia,
American onboard MH370
Philip Wood's family saw him in Texas before what was meant to be his last work trip to China as an executive for IBM. The 50-year-old Wood had recently earned his certification for scuba diving, one of the ways in which he satisfied his craving for adventure.
Wood's family continues to track the twists and turns of the investigation at home in Keller, Texas, a suburb of Dallas-Fort Worth. His youngest brother, James, said on Monday that the family continues to pray, though they are realistic about Philip's chances.
"Our faith isn't that he's going to come back home safe, even though that's what we're hoping for," James Wood said. "Our faith is everything is going to be OK."
Wood had been working in Beijing for the past two years and was making his last work trip to China, via Kuala Lumpur.
James Wood said his brother was an adventurous person who loved to travel and see new places, one of the things he loved about his job. He was divorced and has two grown children, one of whom attends Texas A&M University.
Philip Wood's family saw him in Texas before what was meant to be his last work trip to China as an executive for IBM.
"I can honestly say he's one person who's lived his life to the fullest," said his brother, James Wood.
About the Pilot
His Facebook page showed an aviation enthusiast who built his own flight simulator at home and flew remote-controlled aircraft, posting pictures of his collection, which included a lightweight twin-engine helicopter and an amphibious aircraft.
Born in northern Penang state, the captain and grandfather was an enthusiastic handyman and proud home cook. As part of what he called "community service," he had posted several YouTube videos including how to make air conditioners more efficient to cut electricity bills, how to waterproof window panes, and how to repair a refrigerator icemaker.
"Likes" and other activity on Zaharie's YouTube account showed approval of atheist views, an unusual admission in predominantly Muslim Malaysia.
Anwar Ibrahim, (66) former deputy prime minister of Malaysia and now the leader of its opposition, has been sentenced to five years of imprisonment.
He is gay. This may also be a contributing factor. Sodomy, both homosexual and heterosexual, is illegal in Malaysia.
When the first charges were brought in 1999, they came at a time when Anwar had challenged his one-time mentor, Mahathir Mohamed, who was the country's Prime Minister for more than 20 years; it was widely felt that the sodomy allegation came as a method of reducing his appeal to a conservative and largely Muslim population. By the time of the second charges in 2008, Anwar was spearheading a coalition of opposition parties that had, for the very first time in Malaysia's history, created a credible opponent to the government itself, winning 82 out of 222 seats in parliament in the election of that year and ending the government's two thirds supermajority for the first time since 1969;
The Mail on Sunday has learned that Captain Zaharie Ahmad Shah was an 'obsessive' supporter of Malaysia's opposition leader, Anwar Ibrahim. And hours before the doomed flight left Kuala Lumpur it is understood 53-year-old Shah attended a controversial trial in which Ibrahim was jailed for five years.
The Malaysian pilot on missing flight MH370 was reportedly a political fanatic who attended the trial of opposition leader hours before the flight.
Malaysia Airlines issued a media statement at 07:24, one hour after the scheduled arrival of the flight in Beijing, stating that contact with the flight had been lost by Malaysian ATC at 02:40.
New Scientist reported that, prior to the aircraft's disappearance, two ACARS reports had been automatically issued to engine manufacturer Rolls-Royce's monitoring centre in the United Kingdom; and The Wall Street Journal, citing sources in the US government, asserted that Rolls-Royce had received an aircraft health report every thirty minutes for five hours, implying that the aircraft had remained aloft for four hours after its transponder went offline. The following day, the acting Transport Minister of Malaysia announced that the details of The Wall Street Journal report were inaccurate, stating that the final engine transmission was received at 01:07, prior to the flight's disappearance from secondary radar. Follow-up reporting by Reuters suggested that a cessation of engine reports did not necessarily mean there was no evidence of continued flight; the evidence may have taken the form of "pings" sent by the aircraft's communication systems. These merely indicated to the satellites that the aircraft was ready to communicate, although these transmissions were not telemetry reports. The Wall Street Journal later removed references to Rolls-Royce from its report and stated that the belief of continued flight was "based on analysis of signals sent by the Boeing 777's satellite-communication link... the link operated in a kind of standby mode and sought to establish contact with a satellite or satellites. These transmissions did not include data..." On 13 March, the White House Press Secretary said "an additional search area may be opened in the Indian Ocean based on some new information" and a senior official at The Pentagon told ABC News: "We have an indication the plane went down in the Indian Ocean." Inmarsat said that "routine, automated signals were registered" on its network, although a company executive did add that "keep-alive message[s]" continued to be sent after air traffic control first lost contact and that these "ping signals" could be analysed to help estimate the aircraft's location.
engine manufacturer Rolls-Royce's monitoring centre in the United Kingdom;
Capt. Zaharie, who is a distant uncle to the politician's daughter-in-law, is "a party loyalist" who doesn't hold any position at the People's Justice Party
Malaysia Airlines search: Jet already had turned before co-pilot's 'good night' message.
Captain Nadira Ramli, 26, was reportedly planning to tie the knot with Fariq Abdul Hamid, the 27-year-old who was in the co-pilot seat of the lost Boeing 777.
Hypoxia. The lower partial pressure of oxygen at altitude reduces the alveolar oxygen tension in the lungs and subsequently in the brain, leading to sluggish thinking, dimmed vision, loss of consciousness, and ultimately death.
Decompression sickness. The low partial pressure of gases, principally nitrogen (N2) but including all other gases, may cause dissolved gases in the bloodstream to precipitate out, resulting in gas embolism or bubbles in the bloodstream. The mechanism is the same as for compressed-air divers on ascent from depth. Symptoms may include the early symptoms of "the bends"—tiredness, forgetfulness, headache, stroke, thrombosis, and subcutaneous itching